what about S-turns?

Once you have begun your final approach, your main priority is to keep the canopy flying straight toward a clear, open area. Small toggle inputs may be used to avoid obstacles on the ground. If the canopy begins to drift, use the appropriate input to stop the turn and keep the canopy flying straight toward a clear area.

If the canopy is flying straight, keeping the toggles all the way up in the full-glide position will help the canopy produce more lift when you flare. It is easier to judge the flare height by looking mid-way toward the horizon rather than straight down below your feet.

During the last part of the final approach, put your feet and knees together in a PLF position. Just before landing, convert the forward speed of the parachute to lift by flaring.


When your feet are approximately twice your height above the ground, flare to half brakes.

Just before touching down, flare the remainder of the way.

If you start the flare too high, stop flaring and hold the toggles where they are. Letting the toggles up abruptly causes a steep dive. Just keep looking ahead and keep the canopy flying straight. And make sure you push the toggles the rest of the way down before touching down.

Note: Beginners should jump large, docile canopies that allow for errors. These canopies should be resistant to stalling and should simply maintain a low airspeed and rate of descent if flared too high.

You should be prepared to perform a PLF every time you land. A stand-up landing should only be attempted if you touch down softly and are confident that you can comfortably remain on your feet.



video by Wink's Down to Earth Photography

Your instructor may vary the exact flare technique based on the type of canopy you will be using or other factors.

USPA skydive school |

view fullscreen